T
O tell where a place is, we must know its direction. But this is not all; we must also know how far
it is from us; that is, its distance. To find this out we measure.

You have often heard of an inch, a foot, and a yard.

Your ruler is twelve inches
long, that is a foot. Three lengths of your ruler make a yard. A yard
stick is three feet long.

With these measures you can tell how long your slate or your desk is, or how long and wide the
schoolroom is.

Measuring Short Distances

The inch, foot, and yard are used for measuring short distances. But when we wish to tell the
distance between objects far apart, we use another measure called a mile. A mile is much longer than
a yard.

Measuring Long Distances

Think of some object that is a mile from our schoolhouse. How long would it take you to walk that
distance?

Oral Exercises

How many inches long is your slate? How long is your desk? How many feet long is your room? How
wide
is it? What is the distance around the room? How many feet wide is each window? Each door? How many
yards wide is the nearest street or road?

About what is the height of the schoolroom? Of the schoolhouse? Of the tallest tree near by? Of the
nearest church spire?

About how long is the longest street in the town where you live? Do you know how many blocks or
squares make a mile? Name the nearest river or creek. Give its direction from the school. In what
direction does the water run? Give the direction and distance of the nearest church. What must you
know to go to any place?