Gateway to the Classics: European Hero Stories by Eva March Tappan
European Hero Stories by  Eva March Tappan

The Story Of The Nibelungs

Many of the Goths had learned about Christianity, as has been said before; but for a long while most of the Teutons believed, or half believed, in the old fables of gods and heroes. One of these, the story of the Ni'be-lungs, was a special favorite. It was told over and over for centuries; then some unknown poet put it into poetry. This poem was called the Nibelungen-Lied, or song of the Nibelungs. It began with one of the evil pranks of Loki by which the gallant knight Sieg'fried became owner of a vast hoard of gold once belonging to a nation of dwarfs called Nibelungs. Siegfried was rich and handsome and brave, and he rode forth into the world, not knowing that the gold was accursed and would bring trouble to whoever might own it.

His first adventure was in Is'en-land, or Iceland, where he broke through a magic ring of fire that for many years had burned around a lofty castle. In this castle lay Brun'hild, a disobedient Valkyrie whom Odin had punished by putting her and the king and court who had received her into a sleep. This was to last till some brave knight should pass the ring of fire. Siegfried broke through, found the beautiful, wicked maiden, and awoke her and the whole court. He became betrothed to her, but after a while Odin bade him leave Isenland and go forth in search of adventures elsewhere.


Siegfried and Kriemhild.
(From a fresco in the Royal Palace, Munich, Germany.)

He went next to the land of Bur'gun-dy, and there he found a new exploit awaiting him. King GŁn'ther had heard of the beautiful Brunhild, and he was eager to marry her. Many a man had lost his life because of this same wish; for whoever would win her must out-do her in the games, and if he failed, both he and his attendant knights were put to death. The king and Siegfried set off for Isenland, and the games began. First, Brunhild threw her heavy javelin against the king's shield; but GŁnther cast it back at her so powerfully that she fell to the ground. When she rose, she caught up a stone, so heavy that twelve knights could hardly lift it, and hurled it an amazing distance. Then at one leap she sprang to where the stone had fallen; but GŁnther threw the stone farther and leaped farther. Then the Valkyrie yielded and became his wife. She did not guess that it was not GŁnther who had beaten her, but Siegfried. Siegfried had a magic cap of darkness, and when he put it on, he became invisible; so while GŁnther went through the motions, it was really Siegfried who threw the javelin and hurled the stone and even carried GŁnther in his arms far beyond the leap of the Valkyrie. So it was that Brunhild became the wife of GŁnther. As for Siegfried, an enchantment had been thrown about him, and he had entirely forgotten that he had ever ridden through the ring of fire or seen Brunhild before. The hand of the king's sister, the gentle, lovely Kriem'hild, was to be his reward for his service to King GŁnther; and now both weddings were celebrated. GŁnther and Brunhild remained in Burgundy, and Siegfried carried Kriemhild to his kingdom in the Neth'er-lands.


Siegfried Fighting the Dragon.

Even if Siegfried had forgotten Brunhild, she had not forgotten him, and she meant to have her revenge. She persuaded GŁnther to invite Siegfried and Kriemhild to Burgundy. It was easy for a quarrel to arise between the two queens, and Ha'gen, uncle of Kriemhild, took the part of Brunhild. He pretended that war had arisen against GŁnther, and Siegfried agreed to fight for his host. Kriemhild begged her uncle to help Siegfried whenever he was in peril; and the treacherous Hagen replied, "Surely; but first tell me where his chief peril lies. Is there some one way by which he may most easily lose his life?" "Yes," answered Kriemhild, "he once slew a dragon and bathed himself in its blood. Therefore no weapon can harm him save in one tiny place between his shoulders which was covered by a linden leaf." "Then do you sew a mark upon his garment directly over that place," said the false Hagen, "that I may guard it well." One day Siegfried went out hunting with GŁnther and Hagen, and it was not long before his body was brought back to the sorrowing Kriemhild. At the funeral services, Siegfried's wounds began to bleed afresh as Hagen passed the bier; and from this Kriemhild knew that he was the murderer of her husband.

Siegfried's father lovingly begged Kriemhild to return to the Netherlands with him; but she would not leave Burgundy, for she hoped some day to avenge her murdered husband. She sent for the Nibelung treasure and gave generously to all around her. Then wicked Hagen began to fear that the hearts of the people would turn towards her. Therefore he stole the treasure and sank it deep in the river Rhine; but he meant to raise it some day for himself.


Hagan Throws the Nibelungen Treasure into the Rhine.

It came about that King Et'zel  of Hun'ga-ry sent a noble envoy to beg for the hand of the widowed queen. She answered him kindly, for she said to herself, "Etzel is brave and powerful, and if I wed him, I may be able some day to avenge my Siegfried." So it was that Kriemhild became the wife of Etzel, and was true and faithful to him for thirteen years. At the end of that time she asked him to invite the king and court of Burgundy to visit them. The Bur-gun'di-ans  accepted the invitation, though the murderer Hagen urged them to remain at home. In Hungary they were treated with all courtesy; but Kriemhild had told her wrongs to her Hungarian friends, and as the guests sat at a magnificent feast given in their honor, the Hungarian knights dashed into the hall of feasting, and slew almost every one. GŁnther and Hagen yet lived, and Kriemhild bade Hagen reveal where he had hidden her stolen treasure. "Never, so long as GŁnther lives," was his reply. Kriemhild ordered GŁnther to be put to death and his head taken to Hagen, but Hagen still refused to tell what had become of the treasure. In her anger Kriemhild caught up the magic sword of Siegfried and struck off Hagen's head at a blow. Then one of the Burgundians cried, "Whatever may become of me, she shall gain nothing by this murderous deed"; and in a moment he had run her through with his sword. So ended the story of the treasure of the Nibelungs, which brought ill to every one who possessed it.


Siegfried awakens Brunhild. — He wins her for GŁnther. — Marries Kriemhild. — Brunhild's revenge. — Kriemhild marries Etzel. — Avenges Siegfried.

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